Monday, May 25, 2020

The Crowned and Bejeweled Buddha in Asian Art Museum Free Essay Example, 1000 words

Next to the central Buddha is a bowl full of offerings. The central Buddha is also in bare foot symbolizing holiness. Overall impression of the visit to the museum Public museum continue to be a major source of information and knowledge for different young people with the interest on history. For many young people, they have taken time to mingle both within and outside the museum to think and understand about the past narratives. Especially where the material objects serve to bring the past alive and offer a precise lesson with a good educational purpose (Conn 262). Museums make the idea of the state visible, but cannot resolve exactly what idea visitor receives (Duncan and Wallach 52). In most cases, the museums have dedicated their time on producing and presenting knowledge that serves as a means to educate and inform its attending public through exhibitions. We will write a custom essay sample on The Crowned and Bejeweled Buddha in Asian Art Museum or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now They also seek to contextualize an event and how it’s to be remembered by the public. The emotions incited by exhibit and museums are wanting as they do not possess a relationship in historical understanding (Lubar 397). For many youths, the encounter exhibits involving complex subject matter is how their emotions are entangled with learning. Although there is there is a realization that emotions may occur in this exhibits, the emotive response in history museums often remains unknown. Due to these the management of the museum ought to work on how learning in these facilities can be improved by enhancing the physical objects and the emotions of the public. Through the museum it was possible to critically learn about the past. But due to limited time, the museum’s system of learning was not exhaustive, even as the exhibits are organized around narratives, themes, and material objects that represent the past. For the curators an integrat ed approach to training professionals to do the job in cultural heritage institutions needs to build on the understanding and respect for the differences between museums, archives and library. What was surprising about the experience? Visiting the museum always provides an opportunity to learn new things that one may just correlate with the past devoid of a firsthand experience. It was good to note that the museums have adapted to the new technology in giving particulars related to the dates of fossils or any artwork. The employees of the museum have also been trained on customer service, and therefore their approach to visitors was welcoming.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Analysis Of Ibm s Six Sigma - 1170 Words

INTRODUCTION Six Sigma is a business management strategy originally developed by Motorola, USA in 1981. As of 2010, it enjoys widespread application in many sectors of industry, although its application is not without controversy. Six Sigma seeks to improve the quality of process outputs by identifying and removing the causes of defects (errors) and minimising variability in manufacturing and business processes. It uses a set of quality management methods, including statistical methods, and creates a special infrastructure of people within the organisation (Black Belts, Green Belts, etc.) who are experts in these methods. Each Six Sigma project carried out within an organisation follows a defined sequence of steps and has quantified targets. These targets can be financial (cost reduction or profit increase) or whatever is critical to the customer of that process (cycle time, safety, delivery, etc.). Bill Smith first formulated the particulars of the methodology at Motorola in 1986. Six Sigma was heavily inspired by six preceding decades of quality improvement methodologies such as quality control, TQM, and Zero Defects, based on the work of pioneers such as Shewhart, Deming, Juran, Ishikawa, Taguchi and others. Like its predecessors, Six Sigma doctrine asserts that: Continuous efforts to achieve stable and predictable process results (i.e., reduce process variation) are of vital importance to business success. Manufacturing and business processes haveShow MoreRelatedCross-Cultural Perspectives: Evaluating the Ethical and Social Responsibility of Software Outsourcing at Oracle1116 Words   |  4 Pagesnot been as forthcoming with these disclosures, often creating entire outsourcing divisions aimed at creating a competitive advantage on large-scale government contracts, back-end loading low labor cost estimates in the process (Glover, 2005). Analysis of the Ethical and Social Responsibilities of Outsourcing Software Development Oracle Corporation operates in over 160 different nations and has development centers in 20 of them (Glover, 2005). Their approach to software development is predicatedRead MoreSix Sigma: Overview3392 Words   |  14 PagesSix Sigma [pic] The often-used six sigma symbol. Six Sigma seeks to improve the quality of process outputs by identifying and removing the causes of defects (errors) and minimizing variability in manufacturing and business processes. It uses a set of quality management methods, including statistical methods, and creates a special infrastructure of people within the organization (Black Belts, Green Belts, etc.) who are experts in these methods. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Perception Of An Art Management Student s Eyes Essay

Arts, the essential and necessary part of human daily life, can bring human satisfaction, happiness and give them a creative and colorful life as well. Music, operas, and plays go deeply into our human’s life, but nobody notices that the art industry has a shortfall and received limited helps from government right now. In the perception of an art management student’s eyes, the art have a shortage in human resources, which will strongly affect human’s life transparently. This issue can break down into five pieces. Lacking of human resources means there will be a low college enrollment rate in art area, no great marketing director in art organization, low employee rate and low wages, low art manager to manage organization’s program, and the community will have a low evaluation of art. First of all, art majors’ students have less financial grant helps, which means that the government provides less educational funds to the art students. As we all know , business is the most popular college majors and students can received many government’s helps. The only financial help that the government provided to the art major students is some kinds of financial aid. There are no federal grants that directly provide to the art majors’ students and the only sector can provide grant is the private sector. Private sectors have many limitations and requests for the students who apply to their grants. The opportunities will be highly competitive and hardly to find. (College Scholarship). FewShow MoreRelatedWhy Men Are More Talented At Design Than Women1484 Words   |  6 PagesSubkoff said in an interview. It s more common for a man to bring up a younger assistant who is male and be proud of that, she added, whereas a woman would be threatened to promote another woman. The Council of Fashion Designers of America, a trade group that vets those who apply for membership, is made up of 121 women and 156 men. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Vulnerabilities in Mobile Platform Security

Question: Write a Research Proposal on Mobile Platform Security? Answer: Introduction The figuring scene has changed significantly since the product planners of the 60's and 70's established the framework throughout today's advanced working frameworks. In those days, machines were likely just joined with other trusted machines, if associated with a system whatsoever. Malware was additionally not a huge issue. Out of these circumstances, large portions of the early outline choices around working framework security were made. The Internet changed a number of these suppositions, as you could no more trust each other machine and program on the system. Presently there were numerous machines and projects effectively looking to cause harm. Numerous headways in working framework security have happened over the earlier decades to address these issues. Today's portable working frameworks have profited from these progressions and have possessed the capacity to coordinate better efforts to establish safety from the beginning, instead of needing to include them in later (Flinn, 2012). Doing so sets the bar for security high from the earliest starting point, rather than regressively similarity or prior configuration choices making it hard to completely coordinate new security characteristics. One of the essential security gimmicks introduce in today's portable working frameworks is the application sandbox. Android, Blackberry, ios, and Windows Phone all contain help for this security characteristic. This post is planned to depict what a sandbox is, the way it lives up to expectations, lastly how the vicinity of the sandbox serves to expand security in an extremely associated world. With the rapid change in technology within the last two decades, the popularity of smart-phones, and other mobile devices has basically brought in a wide ranged software applications that is basically designed for running some applications, that are actually used to deliver the web services through their compact and dignified user interfaces and easy program logic which are basically tailored to the mobile platforms. Sometimes few major applications or the operating system tends to behave abnormally which actually exploits the software or the operating system to perform abnormally, not as expected. Purpose Vulnerability is one of the most important issues that basically arise in this era of mobility and technology. As stated already, vulnerability potentially causes definite threats in using different application. The weakness in the operating system or the core applications potentially exploits the software to perform as expected which actually creates a debacle within the mobile performance. The major question that arises during this major hypothesis is what actually happens or how the vulnerability of the mobile is so opened up. The basic threats that actually takes a role on the vulnerability of the mobile platforms comes basically from three major sources: application based, web based and physical threats (Jarvis, n.d.). By these major sources the application or the operating system gets exploited by which the potential user of the mobile faces major technical issues probing its personal details to be hampered via the use of the platform of mobile. This major thesis helps to propa gate the major threats of the vulnerable attacks that can actually seize to hamper the mobile platforms. Static Application Security Testing (SAST) devices can distinguish a few vulnerabilities as the code is being composed amid improvement, yet they make a lot of superfluous data furthermore frustratingly high false positives which diminishes their viability. Literature Review To explain briefly a platform, vulnerability is basically a major security weakness in the operating system or the core applications that can majorly be exploited to cause software to not perform as expected. The issue actually doesnt help the mobile software to perform well in the circumstances. This major deviation potentially from the expected behavior can basically impact the platform security controls that are mainly meant to protect the data. One of the basic example of a platform security control is actually restricting access for reading and writing the data to a particular location in the file system. Vulnerability is basically a major threat to an individual using a mobile phone (Lopez, Huang Sandhu, 2013). Vulnerability sometimes even causes the input personal information to work in an abnormal mode creating major threats to the personal information of the prolific user. This type of platform vulnerability can cause major problems in the mobile phones. The problem may sig nificantly persist either in the operating system or the core applications. In general, this type of vulnerability is very much important because of the potential power that is gained to exploit them. Operating systems are basically responsible for managing the resources and when platform vulnerability is exploited, major key security controls are also bypassed to help with the managing resources. Methodology Methodology is one of the important parts of a report that shows and depicts the entire structure of the report and the procedure in which the research is conducted. Here in this section we make a brief discussion on the procedures used to complete the research. Research design is the blue print of the report as per which the research is represented in the report. The research report is of different type. Some are descriptive in nature, some are explanatory and some are exploratory in nature. But in this case we have used the descriptive and the quantitative research method through which the entire field of the topic can be discussed and the solution to the questions can be provided for completing the research work. The descriptive research provides full knowledge on the given topic that helps the readers easier to understand. For data collection method few samples are taken into consideration out of a huge population of samples. It is not possible to take into consideration the entire population because of the limitation of the research and time constraint of the research. Hence, few out of the population is taken into consideration by random selection. For conducting this research few mobile companies were chosen and a deep study was made on the mobile apps provided by the companies. After the collection of the data a random sampling was done to complete the entire research report. Data collection is the most important part of a research. It is essential because it increases the knowledge base of the researcher to complete the research as per the requirements depicted by the topic. For data collection two different methods are used. The first method is the collection of the primary data which done by the process of direct interviews. In the second method the secondary data collection methods data is collected from other sources like books, journals and internet source. In this study the secondary data collection method is used. In most cases primary data collection method is used to avail solid evidence of the research (Markantonakis, Mayes Piper, n.d.). But in this research the data is collected from the secondary sources because the research requires huge base of knowledge. Hypothesis testing is the most important and difficult part of a research report. It is the most challenging task for a researcher. There the first method of data analysis is to determine the factors of the variables and arrange the variables in a proper format for the analysis. In this process the data is analyzed on the topic that how the mobile pattern securities are vulnerable in nature. The variables are analyzed and a report is represented on the analysis. For presenting the report graphs and other diagrams are used to make this report easier for understanding. Every research work has a certain limitation and boundary that it must follow for a smooth completion of the research report. The major limitation of a research is the time constraint of the research. The researcher must keep in mind the time required for completing each process of the research. The researcher must also see that his research work does not affect the environment and the society adversely and follows the law that is guiding it. Planning, analysis and organization It is quite obvious that every technology based gadgets comes with flaws. It is bound that the mobile platforms too sometimes are bound to have flaws and security vulnerabilities. Security vulnerabilities are majorly identified in regular basis and must be potentially fixed to prevent the major attackers from attacking from using to compromise systems. Basically in case of personal computers vendors often provide potentially important patches which actually help to secure the systems from any sort of misuse by the attackers. In case of mobile platforms the security of the platforms totally depends on the nature of the vulnerability. It needs secure planning and analysis of the vulnerability to actually make the mobile platform secure. Depending on the type of vulnerability a patch may be as simple as updating the major single application or as complex as the needed firmware update that basically involves both the device manufacturer and the carrier. In case of android and ios operating systems the vendors basically produce major patches or updates to fix security vulnerabilities. Software vendors want to fix vulnerabilities as quickly as possible, before they can be exploited and used maliciously, so well-intentioned researchers typically disclose vulnerabilities they find to the software vendor. On mobile devices, however, there is a conflict of interest. Because vulnerabilities are often the only way to root or jailbreak devices, many researchers do not want vulnerabilities to get fixed so they can maintain full control over their devices. The desire to gain full control over devices creates a disincentive for researchers to disclosure vulnerabilities (Sauveron, Bilas, Markantonakis Quisquater, 2007). This conflict of interest between vulnerability disclosure and the ability for people to fully control their own device poses a great security issue. Once a vulnerability being used to root or jailbreak devices becomes public knowledge it may also be used by malicious attackers, like Droid Dream. Until all mobile devices allow users to gain full control without resorting to exploits, this conflict of interest between control and safety is likely to continue. Other consideration Basically the research will contribute to raising the major awareness among all the experts and he academic community about the major impacts and the suitable consequences of the attacks of the smart-phones, which is actually something which has not been totally recognized. This is very much important on a critical note which can be prolifically used to cause major extensive damage and the disruption for major individuals and business alike. The major contribution can be particularly very much important as it is very much important to present major proactive critical defense strategies and alert on the mobile platform security (Vacca, 2013). The vendors of the mobile platform play a major key role in the participation of the major threats of the mobile platforms. Jail-breaking, SMS phishing and Trojans are the major proximity threats of every mobile platform which are vulnerable to the operating systems or the core applications. References Bidgoli, H. (2006).Handbook of information security. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley Sons. Flinn, J. (2012).Cyber foraging. [San Rafael, Calif.]: Morgan Claypool. Jarvis, M.Security Architect 75 Success Secrets. Lopez, J., Huang, X., Sandhu, R. (2013).Network and system security. Berlin: Springer. Markantonakis, K., Mayes, K., Piper, F.Secure smart embedded devices, platforms and applications. Sauveron, D., Bilas, A., Markantonakis, K., Quisquater, J. (2007).Information Security Theory and Practices. Smart Cards, Mobile and Ubiquitous Computing Systems. Berlin: Springer. Vacca, J. (2013).Computer and information security handbook. Amsterdam: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers is an imprint of Elsevier.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Customer Loyalty And Satisfaction Tourism Essay Essays

Customer Loyalty And Satisfaction Tourism Essay Essays Customer Loyalty And Satisfaction Tourism Essay Essay Customer Loyalty And Satisfaction Tourism Essay Essay Customer trueness and satisfaction are of import in any service industry ; nevertheless, they are particularly of import in the hotel industry. When a client is satisfied with their experience at a hotel, so they will so mention that hotel to their friends and household, every bit good as continue to utilize the hotel themselves, in this being therefore staying loyal to the hotel. Customer satisfaction and trueness is are non ever an easy undertakings for hotels and requires extended work and research to accomplish. Customer studies are conducted in order to understand what the client wants and how to implement that into the hotel s preparation plans to seek to guarantee that the clients are satisfied with their hotel experience. Many employee plans implement use the suggestions by employee study and remark cards, every bit good as adept advice on how to fulfill the client. Customer trueness and satisfaction can do or interrupt any concern, and, in peculiar, a hotel. When a client is non unsated, they will non return to the hotel and will distribute portion their bad experience with everyone they know ; but nevertheless, when a client is really satisfied with a hotel, they will be given to be loyal and maintain coming back, every bit good as portion the information with friends and household. Customer trueness is more than go oning to sponsor the hotel ; it can besides include mentioning friends and household, utilizing the hotel for concern maps, and sponsoring back uping the sister hotels that are within the same concatenation. A client becomes loyal by go oning to be satisfied with the hotel concatenation, either by through being listened to by the staff when there is a job, through being treated with regard, or even through something every bit simple as holding fresh towels in the room on a day-to-day footing. Many client studies are conducted to have feedback as to how satisfied a client is with a hotel and what the hotel can make to either maintain the client satisfied or do the client more satisfied. The hotels use this feedback from the clients to implement new preparation plans, every bit good as include adept advice in their employee preparation. The undermentioned literature reappraisal of these characteristics of client trueness and satisfaction in the hotel industry supports the hypothesis that client trueness and satisfaction are imperative to running a successful hotel. Customer Satisfaction We all know that client satisfaction is a cardinal point in holding a successful concern, but what is client satisfaction? ( Too personal and presuming ) Before go oning with the reappraisal, the definition of client satisfaction demands to be explored. Customer satisfaction can be defined in several different ways. Many people believe that client satisfaction is merely that: a satisfied and happy client ; nevertheless, Engel and Blackwell ( as stated by cited in Back, 2001, p. 23 ) define client satisfaction as an rating rendered that the ingestion experience was at least every bit good as it was supposed to be beliefs with regard to alternative. Back defines client satisfaction as the consumer s overall judgement, including service characteristics, the service merchandise, gross revenues forces, or other situational variables, ( 2001, p. 24 ) . While all of these definitions are right, the fact still stands that it is imperative in hotel direction that the client is to the fu ll satisfied in order to retain their concern. Customer satisfaction can be achieved in through a assortment of methods. Some of these methods include run intoing client outlooks in respects to soothe, offering first-class client service through effectual employee preparation methods, and using client studies and remark cards. Meeting Customer Expectations Meeting client outlooks sing comfort can be compiled into five different classs: merchandise, staff, reaching, value, and location. Merchandise comfort can be a assortment of points to the client. Harmonizing to Barsky and Nash ( 2003 ) when depicting comfort merchandises, invitees most frequently commented about their room-in peculiar the room s design, a comfy bed and room, room and hotel cleanliness, and convenient and particular comfortss. Bing comfy with hotel staff members can hold an impact on client satisfaction as good. The staffs cognition, attitude, and helpfulness enhance the clients comfort when remaining in a hotel. Besides In add-on, invitees felt comfy cognizing that they can swear the staff with their safety, properties, messages, and wake-up calls ( Barsky and Nash, 2003 ) . When a invitee arrives at a hotel, they want to experience immediately comfy with their pick in hotel. Upon arrival utilizing gracious words, reiterating the invitee s name, and handling the guest warmly makes the invitees feel comfy, ( Barsky, and Nash, 2003 ) . Value is an of import facet in respects to clients being comfy with their hotel pick. Harmonizing to a survey by Valerie Zeithaml in 1987 ( as stated by Gordon, 1999, p. 18-19 ) value can be categorized into four groups: Value is low monetary value the sensed value is based entirely on paying a low monetary value. Value is acquiring what I want in a merchandise the sensed value is based on the benefits the consumer receives for a merchandise. Value is the quality I get for the monetary value I pay the sensed value is defined as low-cost quality. Value is what I get for what I give the value is defined as the tradeoff between what is received versus what is given up. Some common illustrations could be clip or money. Finally, the invitees will happen comfort in the location of the hotel because of the propinquity of the hotel is to the invitees involvements. Bull indicates ( as stated by cited in Lee, 2003, p. 18 ) the location of a lodging belongings non merely includes the distance from, or entree to one or more specific attractive forces, but it besides consists of qualities such as soundlessness, positions from suites, and the nature of the belongings s milieus. Customer Service Customer service given by hotel employees can be a determinant factor if in whether or non a client stays at a hotel or non. The hotel employees are the face of the hotel, and how the client is treated when remaining at the hotel impacts how the client remembers on their stay. The research group s index [ Market Matrix ] of client satisfaction in the housing concern indicates that a turning figure of invitees are unhappy with the degrees of service they re acquiring, ( Watkins, 2005 ) . Customer service is more than the forepart desk employees or the bellboy ; client service includes the reserve agents through the call-in line every bit good as the web-agents. No count how they contact you walk in, name a reserve agent or see your Web site frequent invitees should see consistent client service from each channel, ( Sparkes, 2004 ) . Kirwin provinces, Common sense tells us that satisfied clients are more likely to return than those who ve had a bad experience, ( 1991 ) . Besides , both Keaveney and Lewis advise ( as stated by cited in Lee, 2003, p. 13 ) that hapless employee public presentation has been linked to increased client ailments and the likeliness of exchanging to a viing service. Customers associate their experience of one hotel with the similar hotels within the same concatenation. For case, if a client has a bad experience with the cleanliness of a room with a Comfort Inn, they will tie in that bad experience with all hotels within the Choice Hotels concatenation. Harmonizing to Crosby, Evans, and Cowles ( as stated by cited in Lee, 2003, p 13 ) , the behaviour and attitudes of contact forces are declarative of the degree and quality of services offered by the service house, and they exert a strong influence on client satisfaction. Adequate preparation will assist to guarantee that employees treat clients with regard and courtesy even through something every bit simple as telephone etiquette. If a hotel does non supply effectual client service through something every bit simple as a phone call, so the client will so take to take their concern elsewhere. Kennedy ( 2010 ) outlines some grounds why a hotel should concentrate on telephone cordial reception: Hotels typically have many of import clients who neer visit their lone personal experience is over the telephone. This includes travel agents, run intoing contrivers and administrative helpers from local corporate histories. Family, friends and co-workers of your in-house invitees who call during their stay will organize first feelings from how their calls were handled. Even invitees who booked online and subsequently name with a inquiry or particular petition signifier first feelings from their telephone experiences. If the feeling is non good, they may really good make up ones mind to call off. A preparation session may be needed for employees to guarantee the best phone client service is given and to repeat that client calls are non the nuisance that some people believe, but that they are the voice of the hotel. The following are ways suggested by Kennedy ( 2010 ) that the employees can be trained on to give first-class telephone service: Answer the know at the door of a pealing phone line with a proper salutation Speak easy and clearly. Pay attending to inflexion Convey energy and enthusiasm Ask for the company s name, if non provided. Ask permission to put the call on clasp, courteously explicating why it is necessary. Thank companies for keeping and apologise for the hold, particularly if the clip was important Use the transportation button judiciously End the call right. Just as a positive first feeling starts the call off on a good note, stoping the call right will go forth a memorable permanent feeling every bit good. No affair how good a hotel is run, there are ever traveling to be mistakes by the staff ; it s merely it is human nature. The issue is non the error per Se ; instead, the issue is how the error is handled by the staff and direction. Many hotels now have employee preparation plans as to how to manage header with disquieted or ireful invitees. Programs aimed at developing employees in managing invitee ailments and supplying value-added service are indispensable to developing an effectual staff, ( Kirwin, 1991 ) . Of class, hotels do non deliberately do mistakes and will seek to repair them in any manner they can possible. No housing concern likes errors or defects, yet occasional service failures are inevitable regardless of how strict criterions and processs are or how much employee preparation is regimented, explained by Hart, Heskett, A ; Sasser, Johnson A ; Fern, and Lovelock ( as stated by cited in Fu, 2003, p. 2 ) . Even though errors are inevitable, they can besides be uti le to a hotel to in placing jobs that need to be addressed. Brown ( as stated by cited in Fu, 2003, p.3 ) advises that service failures help a concern to observe the causes of hapless public presentation and to better its service processs and employee preparation. The client will appreciate the attempt by the hotel when they can accept their error and supply a solution. Bitner, Booms, A ; Tetreault explain ( as stated by cited in Fu, 2003, p.3 ) a survey of consumers in the air hose, hotel, and eating house industries found that most clients who received apologies, attentive aid, and compensation from service employees after meeting service failures really perceived the experience as really favourable. Customer satisfaction can be measured by clients voicing their sentiment on their stay by through talking face-to-face with a client service agent, through client remark cards, or by through studies conducted for the industry. Remark Card games and Surveies Remark cards and studies are really of import indispensable to hotels to understand what clients are believing and experiencing about their hotel and how to better their concern. To place the operational and selling issues that influence satisfaction and trueness, most hotels study their invitees in some manner, ( Schall, 2003 ) . Remark cards and studies can convey both positive and negative client feedback and should non be taken lightly by the hotel. Most hotels have quest satisfaction studies that enable them to construct upon strengths and mark countries for betterment, ( Carlstead, 2004, p.18 ) . Schindlerhof Hotel ( SH ) is an illustration of a hotel that provides remark cards to their invitees and takes the information really earnestly. SH attempts to derive information from the incident to place company structural and procedure failings ( weak musca volitanss ) and to detect new market opportunities, ( Voss, 2005 ) . Remark cards should be placed throughout the hotel t o guarantee that clients have easy entree to them and can return them easy every bit good. In SH, invitees can happen the cards on every tabular array in the eating house, in every room and in the anteroom of the conference suites, ( Voss, 2005 ) . Many hotel studies are done industry broad by companies such as JD Power and Associates, PricewaterhouseCoopers ( PwC ) , and American Demographics and are measured through the Market Matrix Hospitality Index and the American Customer Satisfaction Index ( ACSI ) . These studies are done conducted to garner information from clients on their satisfaction with hotels and what betterments can be made. JD Power and Associates conducted the 2008 North America hotel Guest Satisfaction Index Study and based their findings on responses from more 53,000 invitees over 12 months ( Baker, 2008 ) . Harmonizing to Baker hotels are rated on seven steps: reserves, cheque in and look into out, guest suites, nutrient and drink service, hotel services, hotel installations, and costs and fees, ( 2008 ) . The survey indicates that the overall satisfaction in every class dropped, except for luxury and extended stay, from the old twelvemonth ( Baker, 2008 ) . JD Power and Associates conducted the same sur vey in 2009 and maintained the industry overall has improved in guest satisfaction year-over-year ; Market Matrix showed the first large bead in its quarterly guest satisfaction Numberss since the recession began ; and ACSI offered assorted consequences among trade names, but showed the industry overall was keeping client satisfaction, ( Crowell, 2009 ) . Customer satisfaction is one of the most widely surveyed classs in the hotel industry and is of import when reexamining policies within hotels. Krantz indicates Last twelvemonth [ 2006 ] , hotel client satisfaction measured 75 on the American Customer Service Index ( ACSI ) the highest since 1995 piece at the same clip the figure of employees per occupied room declined more than 10 per centum, PwC s cordial reception pattern reported, ( 2007 ) . Another manner that client satisfaction can be surveyed is by traveling through client letters and remark cards and matching the ailments and regards to assist understand what the clients want. American Demographics sifted through a generous sampling of the about 2,000 letters submitted by consumers last twelvemonth [ 2002 ] to hotels and resorts through Planetfeedback.com, a division of Cincinnati-based market research house Intelliseek, ( Anonymous, 2003 ) . The most effectual manner to make client satisfaction is by holding a friendl y and helpful staff. In fact, the highest per centum of satisfactory letters ( 44 per centum ) fell into the hotel staff public presentation class, ( Anonymous, 2003 ) . The most of import thing to retrieve when reexamining client remark cards and studies is that, without the client, the concern would non last. As stated by Carlstead in general, these are used for the concrete intent of informing patterns that will heighten guest satisfaction and trueness, ( 2004 p. 18 ) . Customer Loyalty A common misconception is that when a client is satisfied with a concern they will be loyal ; nevertheless, this is non ever the instance. A client may be wholly satisfied but may non buy once more because of factors unrelated to satisfaction, ( Gordon, 1999, p. 13 ) . Customers require more than satisfaction with a hotel in order to be loyal. Waller ( as stated by cited in Strauss, 2004 ) provinces: Mere satisfaction does non make trueness. We expect to be satisfied. It takes delight-recognition, experiencing valued, being made to tip particular. If the concern traveller is merely another invitee, and is non recognized, he or she will leap to another hotel on the following trip with no vacillation, no affair how satisfied their stay. Sigauw advises ( as stated by cited in Strauss, 2004 ) , While satisfaction is usually a precursor to return, there needs to be something more. Hotel companies need to set up an emotional connexion. Hampton Inn franchises are one illustration of this connexion. Hampton Inn offers their clients a 100 % satisfaction warrant and has offered it for over 20 old ages. This warrant states if for any ground a invitee is nt wholly satisfied, that invitee is nt expected to pay, ( Anonymous, 2009 ) . This may look like a catch to some people, but for Hampton Inn, it works to assist retain clients and maintain them satisfied. This 20-year promise of satisfaction has kept Hampton among the top acting hotel trade names in client trueness and satisfaction twelvemonth after twelvemonth and will go on to vouch satisfaction when you find yourself remaining with Hampton, ( Anonymous, 2009 ) . Other hotels try to retain clients with trueness plans when which give points or free suites to clien ts for remaining at their hotel who are joined in the loyal plan. Loyalty plans are going more and more popular among concerns and particularly in hotels. The issue is, though, do these trueness plans truly give hotels loyal clients or are they merely catchs? Mattila states as an illustration of hotel trueness plans, Hilton HHonors plan makes it easy to accomplish an elect position, while Hyatt s Gold Passport plan offers a free stay after two corsets charged to a MasterCard, ( 2006 ) . Peoples are non concerned with how many points they have earn at a certain hotel ; they are interested in what the hotel can make for them for being a loyal client. Hotel points average really small, but acknowledgment and in-stay fringe benefits like ascents, expedited check-in, late check-out and so on are extremely valued, advises Waller ( as stated by Strauss, 2004 ) . Hotels create these trueness plans because they know that it is harder to derive new clients than it is to retain current 1s and need to happen ways to guarantee their clients maintain coming back. During hard economic times hotels are reminded of a cardinal lesson: edifice invitee trueness is the lone manner to vie without giving gross, ( Sullivan, 2004 ) . Torres and Kline besides understand the importance of maintaining clients loyal with their observation in the industry that companies are a besides recognizing that fring a client means fring more than a individual sale: it means fring the full watercourse of purchases that the client would hold made over a life-time of purchase, ( 2006 ) . Other than trueness plans, below are some ways that hotels can construct a more loyal client base: Develop a client centric communications scheme. Dainty people as persons. Personalize your communications and speak to invitees on a one to one footing. Do nt over communicate. Remove email blast from your selling vocabulary. Surprise and delectation loyal clients with fringe benefits, wagess, and value-adds. Seriously see utilizing an outside communications house with direct selling specializers on staff who know how to: Segment your database Develop relevant content and compelling offers Raising and intensify the relationship over clip ( Pratt, 2010 ) . The image of a hotel can hold a significant impact on client satisfaction and trueness. Ostrowsky, OBrien, and Gordon indicate ( as stated by Kandampully and Suhartanto, 2000 ) old surveies show that the image of the location, employee attitude, installations, and services of a hotel constitute of import factors in finding client trueness. The manner a client perceives a hotel s image can be a determinant factor of if the client keeps returning or non. Kandampully and Hu explain that those houses who have developed schemes and systems to guarantee that the full house s focal point remains directed on helping and back uping clients non merely derive positive influence on the houses image but will besides derive client trueness, ( 2007 ) . Decision Customer service and trueness are non ever complementary of each other ; nevertheless they are both indispensable to the success of the hotel industry. Hotels realize that fulfilling the client is one of, if non the most, of import factors in maintaining their concern alive. Satisfying clients can be include something every bit small as listening to their job and happening a solution or every bit big as giving a 100 % satisfaction warrant and non bear downing the client for non being satisfied to the full. ( Conducting client studies and offering remark cards are indispensable tools for finding whether or non a hotel is functioning their patronage as needed. By guaranting that clients are satisfied, hotels and other concerns can make client trueness ; after all, satisfied clients frequently portion their experiences with friends and household. A well-trained staff can do or interrupt a hotel s image ; a friendly smiling at the forepart desk, helpful staff members throughout the hot el, and astonishing installations are cardinal factors in deriving and maintaining patronages. Staying aware of the staff s attitude, keeping the hotel s belongings, and carry oning research as to client satisfaction will assist hotel direction to continue all the criterions necessary to retain client trueness. )

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Memory method Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words - 2

Memory method - Essay Example n states, â€Å"I make no more estimation of repeating a great number of names or words upon once hearing†¦Ã¢â‚¬  However this did not stop many ambitious individuals from attempting to engage in mental training for memory competitions. According to OBrien, Raemon Matthews had the notion of improving the art of memory despite popular belief (Page 37). Matthews established of a group of African Americans known as the â€Å"Talented Ten† to participate U.S Memory Championship. He made his students write an essay with more than to memorized quotations to while in class. This technique proved to improve the memory bank of the African American students at the time. Rote memorization was technique where students were expected to memorize geography and history of America. The basis of the technique was to add more information to the present memory of a student. John Dewey introduced the method of practicing of acquired knowledge rather than building on memory banks. The concept was referred to as experimental learning and replaced the previous rote memorization. Matthew argues that education is the simplest method of improving memorization. He says. â€Å"You make monkeys memorize, whereas education is the ability to retrieve information at will and analyze it.† Mind Mapping is memorization techniques created by Tony Buzan and borrows its concepts from old memory technique. Matthews provides an informative insight into how students can perform better in exams given that they education is significant factor. He argues that it enables the student to memorize information that will be memorized and can be accessed at any time. Tony Buzan is an example of student who began to read up on ways of improving his memory. Reading Greek and Roman reminders gave him the ability to remember information about previous studies. Buzan began to apply the technique when studying for exams. He began to use old memory techniques to teach student while operating as substitute teacher. The

Wednesday, February 5, 2020

Approaches to Cinema - German Expressionism Essay

Approaches to Cinema - German Expressionism - Essay Example The essay "Approaches to Cinema - German Expressionism" investigates German expressionism and films of this style. To begin with, it may be particularly important to engage Metropolis in the discussion. Thus, the beginning of the previous century was a time in history when the human society grew more and more different and stratified. Revolution in the Russian Empire showed that there is a big group of people, the working class, who is in perpetual conflict with the wealthy class that oppresses them. All this was heavily influenced by the view of Karl Marx. The movie Metropolis takes the division between the two classes to a new extreme: on the one hand it, shows people living in paradise who know little about what lays under their city– the true hell on earth. The directors were able to show that the two worlds are dramatically different in every aspect: space, light, action and many others. This might be interpreted as a fear of the ultimate stratification of classes. Anothe r popular concern in Germany in the beginning of the twentieth century focused on the possibility that machines might take up the place of man. Metropolis highlights this theme very distinctly: it is shown that a man can invent a machine and cover it with human form and no one will be able to tell the difference. In spite of the fact that the process of copying the appearance is not properly explained in the money and looks to fantastic, the outcome is more than realistic: people listen to the robotic Maria and choose her as a leader.

Tuesday, January 28, 2020

Religion In Pompeii And Herculaneum Religion Essay

Religion In Pompeii And Herculaneum Religion Essay Archaeologists in the past and today have recovered and excavated sources to reveal aspects and facts of past societies. The two main cities of Vesuvius, Pompeii and Herculaneum have undergone such excavations, enabling historians of today to reveal facts, in particularly, about religion in the cities. Religion was an important part of an individuals life in both Pompeii and Herculaneum. The religion of the time was polytheistic, meaning that the civilisation believed and worshipped spirits of the Gods. Religion was an active part of everyday life and the worship of offerings was performed in order to keep the Gods satisfied, to ensure the prosperity and safety of all aspects of ones life, and ones family. A number of sources both written and archaeological have provided todays society with facts and evidence of the household Gods and foreign cults of that civilisation. The sources and what they reveal about religion, household Gods and foreign cults, will be explained below. Most sacred, the most hallowed place on earth is the home of each and every citizen. There are his sacred heart and his household Gods, there the very centre of his worship, religion and domestic ritual Cicero. This written source clearly identifies and reveals that the citizens of Pompeii and Herculaneum were intertwined both mentally and emotionally with their religion and spirituality. Cicero describes the religion to be most sacred, revealing that religion played an important, central and significant role in the daily lives and households of an individual and their family. Not only does this source emphasise the importance of religion, but it shows its importance and passion of worship and action within the home. This is revealed through the use of the words, most hallowed place on earth. The worship and rituals of the Household Gods were central and essential within the household and home of an individual. Hence the household Gods were a major and significant aspect of religion in Pompeii and Herculaneum. Many religious practices were celebrated by citizens in their home and household shrine known as the Lararium. Larariums have been found and excavated all over Pompeii and Herculaneum, by modern archaeologists such as Guiseppe Fiorelli. Household Gods sought to save the family from any misfortune or negativity that may enter the door; a spiritual place of the home that needed to be protected by the guardian spirits (Lares) of the households, from incoming evils that may try and enter the home. A lararium excavated in the House of the Vetti, containing a wall painting of the lares (household Gods), a genius (the god of the male line of decent), the Mercury God of commerce and the Dionysus God of wine, depicts and reveals aspects and facts of such household Gods and their importance to an individual and their family. The lararium was found in the atrium, at the entrance of the house. This source is structured and built depicting the front of a temple with columns. This observation revealed to archaeologists that the source has a religious meaning. A wall painting within the infrastructure depicting a temple is an image of the spirit family of genius, Lares, household Gods and other deities. The figure on the furthest left of the image is the genius. The genius wears a toga, in purple symbolising its high ranking and importance, as its the line of male decent to the paterfamilias of the household; prospering fertility for the families continuation. On either side, the Lares o f the household are holding a drinking horn in one hand and a wine bucket in the other. The drinking horns and wine buckets symbolise the offerings of worship and praise towards the Mercury God of commerce (right) and the Dionysus God of Wine (centre).The depiction of drinking horns and wine buckets also symbolise the household prayers and worship that were led by and was a responsibility of the paterfamilias and the offerings of fruit, incense and special cakes were made at the shrine. The snakes below the Lares, which move towards a small altar, have been interpreted as a protective spirit of the Lares and the offerings made to them. The snakes were protectors of prosperity. Pompeii and Herculaneum contained a society that was tolerant and accepting of the worship and rituals brought about by foreign Gods and imported cults. Pompeii and Herculaneum were bombarded with influences from Egypt and Eastern Mediterranean, which affected the structure, traditions and rituals of their religion. Two cults that had a significant affect and presence in Pompeii were the Egyptians cult of Isis and the cult of Bacchus. The cult if Isis, was the goddess of life, fertility and rebirth;A temple of Isis was excavated in Pompeii, revealing that such a cult was worshipped among many in the civilisation as the temples structure proved to be complex and extravagant compared to other temples eg. Surrounded by high walls, initiation hall and an underground chamber storing a basin of holy water retrieved from the Nile River. The worshippers of the cult performed daily rituals and ceremonies carried out by priests at dawn and in the afternoon. Source four, a fresco found in Herculaneum depicts and reveals the ceremonies that took place for the cult of Isis. The fresco shows the high priest standing at the entrance of the temple, looking down on the ceremony beneath. One priest tends to the sacred fire and another priest leads the followers of worship in two rows. In the foreground of the source there are two ibises, sacred to Isis. This source also reveals that women in Pompeii were drawn to this cult, as most worshippers in the fresco appear to be women. It reveals that this cult was widespread, worshipped daily and extremely influential. It also reveals that foreign cults in Pompeii and Herculaneum were accepted and prominent within the civilisation. There is also evidence suggesting the presence of other foreign cults in the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Through the excavation of archaeological sources, cult objects found in Pompeii and the cult of Sabazius has been suggested. There is also various evidence of the existence of Judaism including graffito of Judaic names, frescos and the presence of Jews nearby. Till today, there is much speculation as to whether or not Christianity was present in the cities, as evidence of the crucifixion was found. Religion in Pompeii and Herculaneum was an important and significant part of each individuals homes and daily lives. From the archaeological sources excavated and the written sources produced, it is revealed that the household Gods of each home were the central aspect of living and worship. Each individual lived to favour and fulfil the Gods wants and needs. The sources also reveals facts about the foreign Gods that were brought about to Pompeii and Herculaneum through external influences, like Egypt (cult of Isis), and the significance of such worship for the civilisation. The sources that have been excavated and brought about to todays society reveals facts and helps modern archaeologists gain insight to the unknown of the past. With reference and study of the sources provided in this explanation, the religion of Pompeii and Herculaneum has been revealed. The lares themselves were painted in the lararium. In the lararium painting from the house of the Vetti shown below, the genius is depicted wearing the toga praetexta , bordered in purple, the garment of high-ranking Roman magistrates. The Thermopolium of the Lares in Pompeii shows a typical painting including the snakes associated with protection of food from vermin below the group. The group contains the two lares, the genius of the house, and two further figures Mercury god of commerce and Dionysus god of wine. The paterfamilias was responsible for leading the household prayers at the lararium, and offerings of significance such as first fruits of crops and special cakes, were made at the shrine. The shrine was also garlanded with flowers so there are hooks nearby for this purpose. Of particular importance were family occasions such as birth, marriage and the coming of age of a young man.

Monday, January 20, 2020

The St. Catharines Standard :: essays research papers

The St. Catharines Standard   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  I choose to do my essay on the St. Catharines Standard. The Standard is the St.Catharines and Thorold area newspaper. It provides us with the local news, advertising and it keeps us in touch with what is happening all over the world. It was first owned and runned by the Burgoyne family and was printed in St. Catharines but, was sold last year to Southam Inc. and has started to be printed in Hamilton. Southam Inc. also owns other papers such as The Hamilton Spectator,The Ottawa Citizen and The Kingston Wig. Here are some questions that I have made up about The Standard and I have found the answers for them. 1. How important is The Standard to our economy?   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The Standard is pretty important to our economy. It provides the peoples of St.Catharines and Hamillton with jobs. It also let's the local businesses advertise their business to the people and attracts businesses to St. Catharines. Which brings money to the city. And finally, I provides St. Catharines with the daily news about the city and all over the world. 2. What is the source and type of the paper and why is it used?   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The Standard gets their paper from wherever they can get it the cheapest. It is Recycled Newsprint. Recycled newsprint is paper that has been previously used paper that has been shredded, de-inked and then turned into pulp so it can make paper again. This type of paper is used because its economical, lightweight, recyclable and is available world wide. 3. What is the process of making the St. Catharines Standard?   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The First step in making the newspaper is in the advertising department. The workers in the advertising dept. sell space in the paper to local businesses for ads. This pays for the paper to be made. Then the ads are produced and are redied for the paper a day before it has to be made. After the ad space is sold the paper is sent up to the editorial room so they can look at the space not occupied by ads and decide what stories the need to fill up the paper. Now to make the paper! The pages are assembled and the ads and stories are cut and pasted on to boards. After that a negative is shot of the board.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Congressional Reconstruction in the south 1863-1867

The radical reconstruction of 1867-1877, known for some of the most significant changes in American history. The Radical reconstruction was supported by Congress and less popular with President Johnson as if focused on Civil rights issues, something that Johnson chad no interest in. The reconstruction was meant to improve the economy of the devastated south, Politics and social Justice following the American civil war (War of the south).It wasn't until â€Å"March of 1867 when congress adopted the Reconstruction act even though Johnson had vetoed it† (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 566), the period of Radical Reconstruction begun, note that Johnson had his own plans for reconstruction. The Radical Reconstruction made several demands such as; voting rights for freed slaves, Radicals to conform to the idea of equality, protection of the Republican Party in the south, keeping old confederate generals from office, increased tariff on good to support state funded programs.Immediate ach ievements of the Reconstruction act of 1867 were: formation of political organization, â€Å"spread of the Republican Party in southern' states that were returned o the Union† (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 57), which increased the public's involvement in free public education, orphanages, prisons and homes for the mentally challenged. The ‘Union league' was one of the achievements during the Reconstruction. Its formation resulted from mass political meetings which included man, woman and children who simply rallied to claim the very rights enjoyed by the white citizens.These meetings were widely attended and produced both male and female speakers such as Frances Ellen Watkins Harper and James D. Lynch. Frances was known â€Å"for her two years' tour and lectures of ‘Literacy, land and Liberations'†¦ nd James was known for his abilities to draw upon the emotion of his audience† (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 573). In 1868-1869 new state constitutions were fo rmed for the first time with the involvement of the public, most of whom were black representatives, this is why the public was given an increased responsibility in politics.With their involvements, aside from schools and others listed above, the new constitutions removed practices such as; â€Å"whipping for punishments, property qualifications for officeholders, and imprisonment for debt† (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 573). Other political achievements included an increased number of African Americans who now held public office (estimated 2,000), â€Å"South Carolina was the only state at this time in which African Americans made up the mass of the legislature† (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 574). this is simply because the population was â€Å"60% blacks† (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 574) in South Carolina at this time.Finally African Americans held a seat in every level of Government though there were only two blacks who served the U. S. Senate during this period. Hiram from North Carolina and Blanche K. Bruce from. Hiram was born free, received an education, served in the Union Army and became the first â€Å"Black Senator in American history' (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 574). Blanche unlike Hiram was a former slave. (No addition information mentioned by Foner about Blanche). Though only for a short period the first Black and his mother a freed slave, the second black governor was not elected until â€Å"1989†.Though most blacks who held public offices gained ranks via serving the Union army, some black were born free in the north and received a proper education like Jonathan J. Wright who served on the South Carolina Supreme Court. Among many prominent black officials, Robert Smalls, â€Å"a slave who secretly guided a vessel called the Planter, through enemy waters and delivered it to the Union's Army' (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 574)? Smalls gained his fame for this single act and later was elected as a political leader in South Carolina and was eventually elected to congress for five terms.Economically, some gained from during the Reconstruction, namely the ‘Carpetbaggers and the Scalawags'. Carpetbaggers were from the north, some simply came to the south for politics and many were Union soldiers who remained in the outh for lands and other economic advantages. Some remained for support in rebuilding and education the south by becoming teachers. Scalawags, a name given to Whites in the south who never owned slaves and now supported the Republicans to keep confederated officers out of office.Other economical advances were the suspension of debt collection and protection for property owners from loan sharks. Thus far the public school education provided by the state stood above all as an achievement during the Reconstruction. Most schools were segregated with the exception of â€Å"New Orleans, were public schools were integrated†¦ nd only South Carolina did the state university admitted black s tudents† (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 575). By 1870 more than half the white and black population attended public school (One may note Booker T Washington's â€Å"Keep me separated but equal†).Change in office from prewar leaders to newer governments, laws were passed to end racial discrimination from service providers such as railroads and hotels, though this was not enforced equally from region to region, it was one of the first steps towards standardizing what we now call equal citizenship for all. Republican government stablished the ‘State land Commission' made attempts to improve the South's economic situations by allowing labors/farmers to claim their crops before the land owners and merchants.This was an issue since, farmers often owed the land owners and would regularly part with their crops for less than its worth. Officials believed that establishing railroads were key to improving the South's economy, they believed that this will make way for factories, towns and a variety for agricultural developments. This idea was not very successful since most Northern companies had their attentions turned to the West instead of the devastated South. Due to the failure to improve the South's economy, the economic status of most freedman remained the same.With this failed attempt came a change in government, a ‘biracial democratic government' was introduced to Americans. With this came the â€Å"overthrow of the reconstruction† (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 575), many in the south were against the new form of government and called it corrupt and ineffective. Though corruption existed before, its aims now differ, some states were stained with â€Å"bribery, insider deals and get rich atmospheres† (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 576). These practices soon nded due to increased taxes to support public funded services such as schools and construction of railroads.Raising of taxes backfired since it caused poor whites in the south to e nd their support for the Republican Government since they saw that their whites in the south who found it difficult to accept freed slaves as their equals and allowing them to hold offices and voting. Southern radicals who still dreams of the (golden age of the South) now sought to obstruct the reconstruction by violence, by now they not on questioned the policies of the reconstruction, they believed that they ust end the republican rule and had a disbelieve in the federal government.This movement became known as the â€Å"reign of terror† (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 576). , giving rise to individual hate crimes on road sides against black who would not step aside for whites. These hate crimes would late become more organized and led to the formation of cults such as the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) which serves as a â€Å"military arm for the Democratic party in the south† (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 577). Thought the main target for the KKK were predominantly blacks/ freed sla ves; Foner claims that the KKK often assaulted white members of the Republicans, artime Unionist, office holders and teachers from the north.These acts of terrorism were carried out by conservative whites in the south who preferred the olden ways. KKK activities alarmed southern government following the attack on a small town in â€Å"Colfax, Louisiana in 1873; armed whited assaulted the town with small cannons† (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 578). Due to these circumstances, Washington approved the use of federal troops to subdue all terrorist activities, this which ultimately led to the federal government to expand its authority throughout the south.Troops shortly deployed to apprehend anyone associate with the KKK, many ere arrested and many fled. These affirmative actions in 1872 towards the KKK caused the clan o disband and eventually dissolved completely granting the South genuine peace. Another contributing reasons for the failure of the reconstruction goes to the reappea rance of racism in the North. Many believed that enough was done, blacks were now free and given voting rights and that was enough.With all the emphasis on the KKK, other political ploys were formed in the north simultaneously. The Liberal Republicans were formed, electing the â€Å"editor of the New York Tribute for president† (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 579). Being that there was now division amongst Republicans, Democrats made Greeley their candidate for president in the election of 1874. This was done with hopes of returning the Democrats to power but failed since most voters simple refrained from voting, resulting in a landslide victory for Grant in 1874.Reconstruction was still not in the clear, in fact things had gotten worse, Journalist, James S. Pike, published â€Å"the Prostate States† (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 578), which blamed the corruptions of the Southern states on black who held office, blacks were depicted as less than humans and animalistic instea d. This contributed o the rebirth of racism and the rise of the Democrats again. With Democrats dominating congress, the; old ones enacted a final piece of Reconstruction legislation, The Civil Rights act of 1785†¦ utlawing racial discrimination† (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 580), though this was not upheld by the Supreme Court. In following years, Democrats would rise up and take control of few strategic southern states. These stated began calling themselves the â€Å"redeemed† (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 581), referring to the act of returning their rightful white leaders back to office. Unlike the KKK who operated at night, armed individuals in these ‘redeemed' ctions were taken to combat these attacks which played a major role in the election of 1877.In the so called redeemed states, ballet boxes were destroyed and freed slaves/republicans were turned away from voting by armed southern Democrats which consequently led the victory of the Democrats and Ruthe rford B. Hayes as president. Though one of the most controversial elections of the 19th century, Republicans submitted after attempting to secure a promise from Hayes that he will uphold the rights for all. This marked the end of the Reconstruction in 1877, though it continued, allowed many blacks to vote and hold office.Reconstruction would not come up again â€Å"until the Civil Rights movement in the 1950's to 1960's† (Foner, Give Me Liberty, II 582). Thought many would consider the Reconstruction of 1967-1877 a failure, it did prepare a foundation for the Civil Rights movement which occurred in 1950, it was the first attempt of many to meet the promise of the nation in which everyone was truly given an opportunity. The Reconstruction also illustrates the evils of politics and how one man's neglect towards his duties can affect a nation, this referring to Grant turning a blind eye to the attacks in 1875.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Abraham Lincoln A Man Of Great Wisdom And Determination

Like the saying â€Å"Rome wasn’t built in a day† neither was America. If it wasn’t for George Washington we simply would not be here. However, Abraham Lincoln is the reason the United States is still united. Abraham Lincoln was a self-made man. As the sixteenth American President, a man of great wisdom and determination, he was determined to end slavery. Lincoln put the importance and devotion for his nation before his own personal convictions. Lincoln wasn’t raised in a wealthy middle class family. He was born dirt-poor in a log cabin in Kentucky in 1809. Lincoln grew up self-educated, with a taste for jokes, hard work, and books. He served for a time as a soldier in the Black Hawk War (Abraham Lincoln: Life in Brief. N.d.)3. He was strong minded and strived for himself and everything he wanted to accomplish. In 1834, he won an election to the state legislature and began self-teaching himself law. Lincoln was admitted to the bar in 1836. Due to lack of experience, he soon lost his first case, however, he became one of the premier lawyers in Illinois. Lincoln held a seat in the Illinois state legislature as a Whig politician in the 1830s and 1840s. The following year, he moved to the newly named state capital of Springfield. For the next few years, he worked there as a lawyer, earning a reputation as â€Å"Honest Abe† (Abraham Lincoln. 2009)4. He pursued his career step by step, earning his title, position and trust, and yet that wasn’t the end of it, he kept self-educatingShow MoreRelatedHow Lincoln Remained Neutral in His 2nd Inaugural Address Essay791 Words   |  4 Pagesconcerned with whether Abraham Lincoln succeeded in remaining indifferent and nonpartisan towards the South in his 2nd Inaugural Address. 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